Developments in technology have revolutionized all walks of life. There have been significant emerging trends in technology due to the enhanced increase in digitalization of civilization. Architecture, engineering and construction have experienced widespread process change with the adoption of new technologies. The development of digital design tools, software and computer controlled fabrication has transformed every phase of the design and build process. The industry does not rely on 2D documentation and has embraced 3D modelling context that computers offer through computer aided drafting (CAD). 3D models enable more feasible and precise analysis and optimization of performance, cost control and provide immersive virtual reality experiences and photorealistic renderings and animations. Mobile technologies provide instant access to design information, fabrication and construction details.
Fast growing and developed cities that are business markets require to be up to date with technology. Growing trends are easily visible with the latest physical structures the cities have. Chennai is a fast growing and ever developing city which in constant need for the establishment of new or renovation of old physical buildings and structures such as roads and bridges. architects and consultants in chennai have great scope to be part of big projects that can be life changing and also change the dimensions and view of the city to be ultra modern. civil consultants in chennai are always in great demand and may offer independent services or in collaboration with architects and construction firms.
3D modelling of physical structures has empowered architects and engineers to portray their ideas more clearly and helps analyze the stability and functionality of the design. The future prospects of robots used in digital fabrication methods seem bright towards being employed on site, driven by the 3D model. Robots have already been employed in the laying of bricks, to begin with. 3D processes are already being embedded into construction deliverables. 3D processes are also known as building information modelling. The employment of 3D processes greatly enhances downstream automation and the opportunities range from new business models and additional revenue streams.
Recent technologies and processes such as conceptual design, rapid site design, 3D design, model based design, design analysis and optimization, model checking, virtual reality, 3D printing and fabrication have already revolutionized the construction field. Here are some of the ways in which the world of construction will change in the near future.
Collaborative architecture: Architects will no longer restrict themselves to just the physical structure and its impact on the environment. The world is already seeing the collaboration of architects with social anthropologists and environmental scientists to create a sustainable and meaningful environment. Latest trends in architecture have seen the incorporation of ergonomic studies in all aspects of the architecture and design of physical buildings and structures.
Melting of public and private spaces: This is a trend that will probably be seen in the near future to invite the public into certain areas of private buildings. For example, the recycling facility of a private building may be open to the public.
Subtle Chinese architecture: China is known for some of the tallest and most unusual looking but commercially viable architecture in the world. Sophisticated buildings are a sign of urbanization and make the real estate industry stronger. The architecture will face greater scrutiny over the functionality of the design.
Towers of mud or wood: Mud and wood might seem like things of the past, but they are here to stay. The availability of cross laminated timber panels that are engineered to be strong and durable while being fire resistant have allowed the building of tall structures with timber. The rammed earth which is an ancient technique that employs a dirt mixture is being considered for building houses in some parts of the world like Australia, Southwest US and South Africa.
Architecture is a work of art that requires looking at various aspects other than its appearance. It must be functional and stable while being ultra modern in design and economic. It needs to incorporate several environmental and ergonomic aspects. It is as vision turned to reality as a physical structure. Here are a few of the most contemporary architectural designs that can enable an insight into the future of architecture.
Hypnotic bridges: These bridges have termed suspension bridges and arched overpasses as boring. The undulating design of the pedestrian footbridge created by NEXT Architects over the Dragon King Harbour River in China has three individual swirling lanes over the picturesque landscape of Changsha. The design has won an international competition in association with a new public park in the area. The project is under construction and is based on the principle of the Mobius ring. The design also refers to a Chinese knot which is an ancient decorative of Chinese folk art.
Rotating skyscrapers: This design visualized in 2008 by David Fisher of Dynamic Architecture probably seems like something totally out of this world. It is an 80 storey skyscraper fit for Dubai. It rotates slightly such that it completes a 360-degree rotation every 90 minutes. The building is designed to be equipped with giant wind turbines that will generate electricity for the building and the residents can park their cars in the apartment due to the presence of nifty lifts.
Indoor parks: The Strelka Institute announced Diller Scofidio and Renfro in collaboration with Hargreaves Associates and city makers as the winner to design Zaryadye Park. The Zaryadye Park is Moscow’s first new public park in over 50 years and is designed based on “Wild Urbanism” a concept based on the hybrid landscape where the natural and the built cohabit to create a new public space. The park is designed to feature four landscape topologies of tundra, steppe, forest and wetland which will be a quasi-indoor environment with temperature regulation, wind control and simulated daylight. The Park will be open at all times year round irrespective and uninfluenced by outdoor climates.